Religion and Spirituality
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whatUseek Directory Site Listings:
A New Look at Juju: The Pope's Apology to Africans
- Adu Kwabena-Essemn, a journalist based in Ghana, examines the religious and political implications of Pope John Paul II's visit to Benin in 1993, where he apologized for centuries of ridiculing African cultural beliefs by the Western world. Reprinted from "Djembe" magazine, 1995.
- Symbols used in the culture and traditions of Ghana, West Africa.
African Spirituality Versus the African American
- Ideas and issues for African Americans considering the practice of West and Central African Traditional Religions.
African Traditional Religion
- Although there are cultural variations in belief among Africans, author Kwabena Dei Ofori-Attah believes they are not strong enough to blur the common strands that give Africa its distinctive religious character.
African Traditional Religions
- A short overview of the many Traditional Religions practiced among people of differing cultural, linguistic, and ethnic groups; gives names for the supreme deity in many African languages; part of a larger site on polytheism.
Akan Cosmology and Symbolism
- This site describes Akan cosmology and illustrates it through traditional Akan religious symbols, each of which encodes within its graceful lines a theological or moral belief or lesson. The integration of this rich traditional Akan symbolism into the Roman Catholicism of Ghana is shown, as well.
Ancestors as Elders in Africa by Igor Kopytoff
- Ancestor cults loom large in the anthropological image of Africa, but only certain dead with particular structural positions are worshipped as ancestors; this paper presents a study of ancestor and elder veneration among the matrilineal Suku of south-western Congo (Kinshasa).
Animal Sacrifice in Dahomean Vodoun and Around the World
- The role of animal sacrifice in African Traditional Vodoun, with many links to informational pages on animal sacrifice among the Greeks, Muslims, Jews, and others religions.
- Formally recognized as a religion in January, 1996, by President Nicephoro Soglo's government.
Common Misconceptions About Vodoun
- A comprehensive FAQ addressing some of the most common myths and misconceptions about Vodoun.
Erinle: A Lukumi Orisha
- This hunter Orisha is the patron deity of Ilobu in south-western Nigeria. Somewhat androgynous, he is principally worshipped as a male in Yorubaland. The patron of gay people, he is thought by some to be a male aspect of Yemoja Mojelewu. In the Cuban Diaspora, as Inle, he is syncretised with the Archangel Raphael.
Fetichism in West Africa by the Rev. Robert Hamill Nassau
- A reprint of the entire 1904 book "Fetichism in West Africa: Forty Years' Observation of Native Customs and Superstitions by the Rev. Robert Hamill Nassau, M.D. - S.T.D. for Forty Years a Missionary in the Gabun District of Kongo-Francaise," a valuable (albeit Christian) account of Congo religion in the 19th century.
Homosexuality in Dahomean Vodoun
- Answers to frequently-asked questions concerning the roles open to homosexuals in Dahomean Vodoun
Ijaw and Ibo Beliefs: Self, Soul, and Afterlife
- Death and the afterlife play a large role in the religion of the Ibo and Kalabari (part of the Ijaw) of Nigeria, who believe in worshipping spirits, in karma, and in the existence of each person's "two souls." An essay by Karen Hauser.
Mamaissii's Atike (Healing) House FAQ
- Frequently Asked Questions about initiation into Mami Wata and Dahomean Vodoun as practiced in Martinez, Georgia; illustrated with many photos of participants at public ceremonies.
Man and the Gods in Yoruba Art
- An exhibit of Yoruba religious art, with brief explantions of the iconography of the deities depicted.
Shona and Ndebele Religions
- Hilde Arntsen, University of Oslo, presents an introduction to the Traditional Religions of Zimbabwe, whose people communicate with God through their deceased ancestors. Part of a larger site on all the religions of the nation, including Christiantiy and Traditional-Christian-Syncretic religions.
Taking Back Our Gods and Holy Temples
- A paper presented at the 1997 Association of Black Psychologists Annual Convention in Washington, DC, by Kwabena Faheem Ashanti, Ph.D., of North Carolina State University. Urges African Americans to replace Christianity and Islam with African Traditional Religions.
The African Experience of God through the Eyes of an Akan Woman
- By Mercy Amba, an article in Cross Currents, the journal of the Association for Religion and Intellectual Life.
The Ancestral Call
- An online newsletter dedicated to African Traditional Religion around the world, with a focus on Yoruban religion and culture in America.
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