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whatUseek Directory Site Listings:
Darlene Wilson on the Melungeons
- Discussion of what the word Melungeon has meant through time.
DeBose Heyward's Brass Ankle
- Encyclopædia Britannica article on DeBose Heyward mentions his play titled "Brass Ankle" which is about members of the group.
Etiwan Island and Its People
- An article about one location in South Carolina occupied by Brass Ankles, with some description of their lifestyle.
Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia by Paul Heinegg
- Genealogy.com site about Heinegg's book. Mentions Brass Ankles and Turks. See Heinegg's book on-line at http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/
- This article on Heather Locklear's Lumbee ancestry contains some references to the Mestees of South Carolina.
Implementation of Segregation
- Interesting site on the history of racial discrimination. Includes one letter on the Brass Ankles.
Joseph Benenhaly and the Turks of Sumter County
- Brief discussion of Turks and Benenhaly. No documentation.
MELUNGEONS and Other Mestee Groups
- On-line full-text book with annotated bibliography with some information on the Mestees of South Carolina, with citations to Brewton Berry's and Edward Price's earlier work.
Mother Heart - Brass Ankle interview
- Interview with a Brass Ankle woman for the Federal Writer's Project in 1939.
The Lumbee Story (with mention of Smilings)
- History of the Lumbee. Most of the Smilings moved from SC to NC (Robeson county) and tried to join the Lumbee, so their history becomes very involved with the Lumbees.
Tri-Racials: Black Indians of the Upper South
- This article on Mestee groups mentions Brass Ankles, Red Bones and Turks of South Carolina. It combines the Red Bones of SC with the Redbones or Louisiana Melungeons. Based on DeMarce's work, for the most part.
Turks of South Carolina citation
- Just a citation giving how to find a paper on the Turks.
Turks of Sumter County - Harry Golden
- Citation to paper on the Turks by Harry Golden in the archives of Tuskegee University.
Turks of Sumter County discussion
- Discussion of legends of Moorish and/or Turkish origins of the Turks of Sumter County, SC.
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